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Most Common ENT Problems Among Children

Due to immature structural parts of the eyes, nose, and throat problems, children are prone to ENT problems. As compared to adults, children have shorter eustachian tubes (ear part) until they reach the puberty stage, making them more prone to the development of middle ear infections. The sinuses of children are fully developed at the age of 8 and their adenoids and tonsils are usually large, and they shrink when they reach their teenage years. Because children may not be able to fully express themselves, some ENT conditions are left untreated and undetected, resulting in inadequate management.

The most common ear conditions affecting children include external ear infections, middle ear infections or acute otitis media, and middle ear effusion or fluid (OME or otitis media with effusion). Due to swimming and using cotton buds excessively, external ear infections occur leading to bacterial growth and infection to the outer ear canal. The care and treatment involves administration of prescribed antibiotic eardrops, suction ear cleaning, and avoidance of water.

Upper respiratory tract infections affect the middle ear that causes acute otitis media or a middle ear infection caused by the spread of upper respiratory tract infections. Fever, ear pain, and hearing loss are the common signs and symptoms of acute otitis media. The pus has the possibility of bursting and affecting the eardrum resulting in purulent ear discharge. The treatment for acute otitis media includes analgesics for pain relief and antibiotics for infection. If there is perforation of eardrums, antibiotic eardrops, suction ear cleaning, and oral medications will be required.

When it comes to the most common types of nasal problems among children, they include allergy, epistaxis (nosebleed), and chronic sinusitis. The signs and symptoms of nasal allergy include a runny nose or rhinorrhea, sneezing, itchiness, and blockage. Certain types of food like nuts and house dust mites are the common allergens. It would require the use of nasal sprays, antihistamines, and avoidance of allergen. Trauma, blowing, rubbing or infection are the most common causes of nasal bleeding or epistaxis.

When it comes to the most common throat conditions experienced by children, they include a chronic cough, snoring, and obstructive apnea. Chronic cough may last up to two weeks because of pharyngitis. Disrupted sleep happens due to nocturnal coughing. Snoring with gasping spells may result leading to obstructive sleep apnea causing behavioral changes.

An expert and experienced Eastside ENT specialist is willing to help you. It is best to only trust a reliable, expert, and experienced ENT doctor for your child’s health.

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